Difference between CSS & HTML

Welcome back, We write about difference between CSS & HTML and create a table on it. Let’s have a look at my work.

Here’s a simple table outlining the key differences between CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and HTML (Hypertext Markup Language):

Feature HTML CSS
Purpose Defines the structure and content of a web page. Controls the presentation and style of a web page.
Usage Used to create the basic structure of web pages, including headings, paragraphs, images, etc. Used to style HTML elements, specifying how they should appear on the page.
Syntax Uses tags enclosed in angle brackets (e.g., <p>, <h1>). Uses selectors and declarations (e.g., selector { property: value; }).
Responsibility Focuses on the semantic structure of content. Focuses on the visual presentation and layout of content.
Elements Defines elements such as headings, paragraphs, lists, images, etc. Styles elements defined in HTML, controlling aspects like color, font, spacing, etc.
Attributes Utilizes attributes within tags to provide additional information about elements. Does not use attributes but applies styles using property-value pairs in the CSS file.
File Types Typically saved with a .html or .htm file extension. Typically saved with a .css file extension.
Hierarchy Has a hierarchical structure that defines the nesting of elements. Follows a cascading hierarchy where styles can be inherited and overridden.
Inline Styles Supports inline styling using the “style” attribute within HTML tags. External to HTML, encourages separation of content and presentation. Inline styling is not recommended.
Examples <h1>This is a Heading</h1><br><p>This is a paragraph.</p> h1 { color: blue; }<br>p { font-size: 16px; }
Browser Rendering The browser can render an HTML document even without CSS. The browser uses CSS to enhance the visual presentation of HTML content.
Dependencies HTML can exist without CSS, but styling enhances the user experience. CSS is dependent on HTML for elements to style.
Semantic vs. Presentational HTML focuses on the semantic meaning of content (e.g., <header>, <nav>, <footer>). CSS focuses on the presentational aspect, specifying how elements should look (e.g., color, layout).
Browser Support HTML is universally supported by all browsers, and a basic HTML document can be rendered without CSS. CSS may not be supported uniformly across all browsers, and certain styles may render differently. Browser prefixes are sometimes used to address this.
Accessibility HTML is critical for creating accessible content, providing structural elements that aid screen readers and other assistive technologies. CSS can enhance accessibility by controlling the visual presentation, but it should not be relied upon for conveying critical information.
Layout Control HTML provides a basic structure, but its layout control is limited. Elements flow one after another in the order they are written. CSS provides extensive layout control, allowing for precise positioning, alignment, and responsiveness. Flexbox and Grid are examples of CSS layout models.
Media Inclusion HTML includes tags for embedding media, such as <img> for images and <video> for videos. CSS does not handle media inclusion directly but can be used to style media elements and control their appearance.
Dynamic Content HTML is static and defines the structure of the content. CSS can be used for animations and transitions to create dynamic visual effects.
Compatibility HTML is compatible with various document types and can be used in conjunction with XML for specific applications. CSS is specifically designed for styling HTML documents and may not be applicable to other document types.
File Organization HTML is typically organized in a tree-like structure with nested tags. CSS is organized in rule sets, with selectors and declarations, which can be grouped for better readability.
Versioning HTML5 is the latest version (as of my last update in January 2022) and is widely supported. CSS is continually evolving, with CSS3 being a commonly used version. New modules and features are added over time.
Default Styling HTML has default styles for elements (e.g., headings are bold, paragraphs have margins). CSS allows developers to reset or override default styles to achieve a customized look.
Development Workflow HTML is often written first to define the structure of the content. CSS is then applied to enhance the presentation and layout after the HTML structure is in place.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *